Civil Services Examination
The Civil Services Examination is divided in two successive stages:
- Civil Services (Preliminary)
This examination is for the screening and selection of candidates for Civil Services (Main) Examination.
The Preliminary Examination consists of two papers of Objective type (multiple choice questions).
This examination is only a screening test. The marks obtained in the Preliminary Examination will not be counted towards determining final order of merit in Main examination.
- Civil Services (Main)
The Main Examination will consist of written examination and a personal interview.
The written examination will consist of 9 papers of conventional essay type.
Candidates who obtain minimum qualifying marks in the written part of the Main Examination will be called for personal interview.
The total marks obtained in written and personal interview will determine final ranking.
UPSC conducts the Civil Services Main examination after the preliminary examination once every year.
A candidate must be at least 21 years old and should be less than 32 years old. The upper age limit is relaxable for some castes, Ex-servicemen and differently abled candidates.
As announced by UPSC
Subjects in Civil Services (Preliminary) Exam
|Paper Number||Name||Type of Paper||Max. Marks||Duration||Notes|
|Paper I||General Studies||Objective||200||2 hours|
|Paper II||General Studies||Objective||200||2 hours||Qualifying paper with minimum 33% marks|
Paper I Syllabus
Current events of national and international importance
History of India and Indian National Movement
Indian and World Geography
Indian Polity and Governance
Economic and Social Development
General issues on Environmental Ecology
Bio-diversity and Climate Change
Paper II Syllabus
Interpersonal skills including communication skills
Logical reasoning and analytical ability
Decision-making and problem solving
General mental ability
Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc. – Class X level)
Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)
Subjects in Civil Services Main Exam
Written Examination (Essay Type)
|Paper Number||Name||Question details||Max. Marks||Duration|
|Paper A||Indian Language||Please see pattern of questions below||300||3 hours|
|Paper B||English||Please see pattern of questions below||300||3 hours|
|Paper I||Essay||250||3 hours|
|Paper II||General Studies I||Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society||250||3 hours|
|Paper III||General Studies II||Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations||250||3 hours|
|Paper IV||General Studies III||Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management||250||3 hours|
|Paper V||General Studies IV||Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude||250||3 hours|
|Paper VI||Optional Subject – Paper 1||250||3 hours|
|Paper VII||Optional Subject – Paper 2||250||3 hours|
Total: 1750 Marks
The papers on Indian languages and English (Paper A and Paper B) will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature. The marks obtained in Paper A and Paper B will not be counted for ranking.
List of optional subjects for Main Examination
Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, Anthropology, Botany, Chemistry, Civil Engineering, Commerce and Accountancy, Economics, Electrical Engineering, Geography, Geology, History, Law, Management, Mathematics, Mechanical Engineering, Medical Science, Philosophy, Physics Political Science and International Relations, Psychology, Public Administration, Sociology, Statistics, Zoology and Literature of any one of the following languages:
Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.
Paper A (Indian Languages) pattern of questions
(i) Comprehension of given passages (ii) Précis Writing (iii) Usage and Vocabulary (iv) Short Essays (v) Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa
Paper B (English) pattern of questions
(i) Comprehension of given passages (ii) Précis Writing (iii) Usage and Vocabulary (iv) Short Essays
Interview for Personality Test
The personality test will be conducted by a board of members who will test candidate in Current Affairs and General Knowledge.
The qualities that will be judged are mental alertness, critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical exposition, balance of judgment, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion and leadership, intellectual and moral integrity.
The personality test carries maximum 275 marks.